Published: Aug. 22, 2011
Updated: Aug. 22, 2011
Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, which is the tunnel that leads from the uterus (the womb) to the vagina. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by a common, sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). Cervical cancer can be treated successfully, especially if it is found early by yearly pap smears. Learn more about treatment for cervical cancer.
Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, forms in the cells that make up the lining of the uterus (the womb). Learn about treatment for uterine cancer.
There are two main types of uterine cancer:
There are many other subtypes of uterine carcinoma, but some doctors divide them into two broad categories:
Ovarian cancer forms in the ovaries, which produce female hormone and eggs. Some types of benign tumors are easily treated, and patients have a good outlook.
The most common type of malignant ovarian cancer is often not diagnosed until it is in an advanced stage, so it can be more difficult to treat it successfully. Learn more about treatment for ovarian cancer.
Malignant ovarian cancer is classified according to the type of cell in which it forms.
Other types of ovarian cancer, which occur more rarely, include:
Uterine sarcoma is a rare cancer that forms in the muscle or other supporting tissues of the uterus (the womb). Learn more about treatment for sarcomas.
Vaginal cancer forms in the vagina, which is the tunnel that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body. Vaginal cancer is rare and is very treatable if detected early. Learn more about treatment for vaginal cancer.
There are two main types of vaginal cancer:
Vulvar cancer forms in the cells in the vulva, which is the outer part of the female genitals, include the folds of skin called the labia. Vulvar cancer is rare, and if it is found early, treatment is very successful. Learn more about treatment for vulvar cancer.
Learn more about gynecologic cancer: